Tag Archives: Phonology

Comparison between Bornholmsk and Mainland Scanian sounds

A table which compares the phones of Bornholmsk (Espersen 1908 & Prince 1924) with those in mainland Scanian (from the north-western area according to Lucazin 2010).

Phoneme Bh IPA Scy. IPA words so pronounced
/a/ [a] [蓱] or [a] land (country/land), kat (cat)
/a虅/ [a藧] [a藧] or [蓱藧] fara (travel), kar (man/chap)
/蓱虅/ [蓱蕣]1 [a蕣汰], [蓱蕣汰] or [蓱藧] dag (day), klar (clear)
/e/ [e] [蓻] fett (fat/grease)
/e虅/ or /ei/ [e藧] [e藧]2 ner (down), reza (journey v.)
/ai/ [忙i] [ai] Scy. fail/Sv. fel (failure/wrong)
/i虅/ [i藧] [ei]3 kni蕥 (knife)
/i/ [i] [i] or [ei汰] brink (brink), sil (herring)
/o/ no info [蕣] or [e蕣汰]4 ondra (lower), gold (gold)
/o虅/ “English oh [e蕣] sol (sun)
/u虅/ [蕢藧]?? [酶蕢] skru蕥a (screw)
/y虅/ [y藧] [酶蕪] sky (sky), myra (ant)
/忙虅/ [蓹e] [ai] or [蓻藧] kn忙 (knee)
/酶虅/ “i in bird [酶藧]5 r酶d (red), b酶ste (loin/flank/ham)
/蓴虅/ [e蕣] n氓l (needle), see o虅
/b/ [b] [b] b忙ra (carry), flab (mouth)
/d/ [d] [d] dra (drag/pull)
/f/ [f] [f] f忙 (cattle)
/h/ [h] [h]
/j/ [j] [瑟汰] jord (earth)
/l/ [l] [l] luka (weed v.)
/m/ [m] [m]
/p/ [p] [p]
/t/ [t] [t]
/g/ and /j/ [g] and [j] [g] and [瑟]
/z/ [z] [s] snaka (talk)
/s/ [s] [s] Bh. sten/Scy. stain (stone)
/r/ [r] [蕘]
/k/ and /蓵/ [k], [t汀蓵] and [蓵] [k], [t汀蓵] and [蓵]
/n/, /刹/ and /艐/ [n], [刹] and [艐] [n] and [艐] springa (chink/slit)
/蕥/ [蕥] [蕥] ki蕥a (row/quarrel v.)

1 Since the sources predate IPA, Prince doesn’t mention it and it doesn’t exist in Danish, my sources really don’t say what it sounds like, but [蓱蕣] is likely.

2 [e藧] I am pretty confident that this sound isn’t a common realization of /e虅/ in NW Scania, since I grew up in NW Scania and I can pronounce it in speech only with very much difficulty. [ei汰] possible.

3 actually [ei汰藧] is the notation in Lucazin p. 27. Certainly, in the NW, the i is pronounced longer than the e.

4 [o] is my guess for both accents.

5 This should probably be a diphthong instead.

Literature used:
Utkast till ortografi 枚ver Sk氓nska Spr氓ket (2010), M Lucazin.
The Danish Dialect of Bornholm (1924) John Dyneley Prince.
Bornholmsk Ordbog (1908) J C S Espersen & Konglige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.